A pond is a great way of attracting wildlife to your garden. Garden ponds need to be set up in a way they will encourage animals to come and provide them with a suitable environment to visit and live. Here are a few tips for those of you who have decided to add a pond to your garden, or enhance the one you have.
- Collect plenty of rainwater. Set up water butts to collect the water from your roof and any outbuildings you have. You’ll need to start collecting water several months before you plan on digging the pond. Tap water isn’t suitable for a pond as it contains nutrients that encourage the growth of algae and stop the growth of aquatic plants.
- Create gentle staggered shelving around the edges as many animals and plants prefer to live around the edge of the pond in very shallow water.
- The edge of the pond should be fringed by grass to encourage amphibians and invertebrates.
- The pond should be shallow, no deeper than one foot at the deepest point.
- Use suitable substrates such as sand and washed gravel.
- Wait for the animals to find your pond, don’t try and introduce them yourself.
- If you want to keep fish in your pond you’ll need a suitable filter. Be cautious when adding fish as they will eat the wildlife and can pollute the water (which is why you’ll need a filter). Don’t add too many fish and create areas in the pond where the fish can’t reach.